Vision problems increase during this season of the year by up to 25%. Pool water, heat and solar radiation are the main culprits. Wearing appropriate sunglasses, among other measures, can help prevent their appearance.
The enemies of ocular health
Next we will describe the factors that must be taken into account during the summer:
Solar radiation . The damage it produces is accumulated, that is, it is added from one summer to another. In the short term, it causes discomfort of the type irritation, eye redness, tearing, feeling of grit inside the eye and pain. If the exposures are repeated each year or are excessive, it increases the risk of cataracts, macular degeneration, aging of the retina, and even loss of vision.
To prevent all this should use a good sunglasses that protect us from ultraviolet rays and are approved by the EC. Remember that you should never look at the sun directly even if you wear glasses.
Pools . The color is essential to disinfect the water but it can also irritate the eyes. On the other hand there is a series of bacteria that do not always cancel out with chlorine and that can eventually cause conjunctivitis in people who have sensitive eyes. That is why it is essential to use goggles that protect the eyes from the effect of chlorine and contaminants that may be present in the water. It is inadvisable to use contact lenses as well as to submerge the head or to dive without protective glasses.
Air conditioning . The air released by these devices dries out the eyes, a problem that causes eye infections and that can become chronic, causing a discomfort known as dry eye. In this case it is very important to clean the ventilation systems frequently. To counteract the dryness of the environment you can use a humidifier.
If you follow the advice we give you below, they will help you keep your eyes in good condition:
- Put on sunglasses to drive. This way you will avoid glare and have a safer driving. The polarized glasses allow to reduce the braking distance up to seven meters.
- Do not trust the cloudy days, as the rays pass through the clouds so if you are in the open air, you should also protect the eyes in the hours of maximum radiation, even if the sun does not burn.
- Beware of sun creams. Avoid getting in contact with the eyes at the time of spreading on the skin or even dry with a towel, because sunscreens can irritate the eyes.
- Always carry physiological saline since it is very useful to relieve irritations or any type of eye discomfort, especially in the pool or on the beach. The anti-inflammatory eye drops help to fight different problems such as conjunctivitis.